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Himmat Lal K. Shah v. Commissioner of Police by GPT 4.0

 The case of Himmat Lal K. Shah v. Commissioner of Police, Ahmedabad & Others, decided by the Supreme Court of India in 1973, is an important judgement in the context of freedom of assembly and expression in India.


The case arose from an incident where the Commissioner of Police in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, denied permission to hold a public meeting in a public park. The refusal was based on a notification issued under Section 33(1)(o) of the Bombay Police Act, 1951, which allowed the Commissioner to refuse permission for public assemblies to maintain public order.

Legal Issues:

The key legal issue was whether the notification issued under the Bombay Police Act, infringing upon the right to hold public meetings, was constitutionally valid, especially in the context of Article 19(1)(b) of the Constitution of India which guarantees the freedom of assembly.

Supreme Court Judgment:

  • The Supreme Court held that the notification was unconstitutional as it vested excessive power in the police authorities to control public meetings, thereby infringing upon the fundamental right of citizens to assemble peaceably and without arms.

  • The Court emphasised that the freedom of assembly is a crucial aspect of a democratic system and is subject to reasonable restrictions under Article 19(3) of the Constitution. However, the notification in question was not a reasonable restriction but an arbitrary use of power.

  • It was observed that any law or action that allows the administrative authority to impose restrictions on the exercise of these freedoms without guidelines or principles is unconstitutional.


  • Upholding Democratic Rights: The judgement reinforced the importance of fundamental democratic rights, particularly the right to peaceful assembly.

  • Limiting Arbitrary Power: The case set a precedent in limiting the arbitrary powers of the police or administrative authorities in regulating public meetings and assemblies.

  • Balancing Freedom and Order: It established the principle that while the state has the right to impose reasonable restrictions in the interest of public order, these restrictions must not be arbitrary or excessive.


Himmat Lal K. Shah v. Commissioner of Police was a landmark judgment in protecting the democratic rights of citizens and served as a check against the arbitrary use of power by authorities in regulating public assemblies. The case reaffirmed the balance between maintaining public order and upholding the constitutional freedoms of assembly and expression.


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