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Kesavananda Bharati Case - A Brief Overview

Kesavananda Bharati Case - A Brief Overview


Kesavananda Bharati Sripadagalvaru v. State of Kerala (1973) delineated the Basic Structure Doctrine, which asserts that the Parliament cannot alter the basic structure of the Constitution through amendments. This case became a bulwark against authoritarian encroachment on the fundamental principles and rights enshrined in the Constitution.

 Legal Professions and GPT-4:

Legal practitioners, students, and scholars can utilize GPT-4 to enhance their research, understanding, and application of case laws, including the Kesavananda Bharati case. GPT-4's extensive knowledge base and advanced analytical capabilities make it a valuable asset in legal studies and practices.

Diving Deeper with GPT-4: Similar Cases

Using GPT-4, one can explore similar cases that either build upon or are influenced by the Basic Structure Doctrine established in the Kesavananda Bharati case. Here are some prominent cases highlighted by GPT-4:

1. Indira Nehru Gandhi v. Raj Narain (1975):

This case applied the basic structure doctrine to assert that free and fair elections are integral to the basic structure of the Constitution.

2. Minerva Mills Ltd. v. Union of India (1980):

Here, the Supreme Court reinforced the basic structure doctrine by striking down clauses in the 42nd Amendment, asserting the harmony and balance between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles.

3. Waman Rao v. Union of India (1981):

GPT-4 points out that this case applied the basic structure doctrine to the laws included in the Ninth Schedule, asserting their susceptibility to judicial review if they violate the Constitution's basic structure.

4. I.R. Coelho v. State of Tamil Nadu (2007):

This case further clarified that any laws included in the Ninth Schedule post April 24, 1973, are subject to judicial review for the violation of the basic structure.


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