Skip to main content

Mohini Jain v. State of Karnataka via GPT4.0

 The case of Mohini Jain v. State of Karnataka, decided in 1992, is a significant judgement by the Supreme Court of India that emphasised the importance of the right to education as an integral part of the right to life under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution.


Mohini Jain, a student from Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, aspired to pursue medical studies. She was admitted to a private medical college in Karnataka but was unable to enroll due to the high capitation fee demanded by the college. Capitation fees are payments over and above the prescribed fee and are considered illegal.

Legal Issue:

The key issue was whether charging capitation fees for admission to educational institutions was constitutionally valid and whether the right to education formed part of the fundamental right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution.

Supreme Court Judgment:

- The Supreme Court held that the right to education is indeed an integral part of the right to life as it directly flows from the right to life. The court observed that life and dignity of an individual cannot be assured unless it is accompanied by the right to education.

- The court condemned the practice of charging capitation fees as it commercialised education and made it inaccessible to the poor, thereby violating the constitutional mandate of equality.

- The judgement asserted that charging capitation fees was not only against the policy and objective of the Constitution but also defeated the goal of making education available to every citizen.

Significance of the Judgment:

1. Establishment of Education as a Fundamental Right: This judgment was pivotal in recognizing education not just as a statutory right but as a fundamental one, deeply connected to the dignity and freedom of an individual.

2. Impact on Educational Policies: The judgement had a significant impact on the educational landscape of India, leading to reforms that aimed to make education more accessible and equitable.

3. Precursor to the Right to Education Act: This judgement laid the groundwork for the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, which made education a fundamental right for children aged 6 to 14 years.


The Mohini Jain v. State of Karnataka case stands as a landmark in the Indian legal system, reaffirming the importance of education as a fundamental right and setting a precedent for future educational policies and reforms in India.

For more detailed information, you can refer to sources like [Indian Kanoon]( or academic articles discussing this case.


Popular posts from this blog

20 more interesting and significant legal cases in the history of the UK by GPT4.0

  Here are 20 more interesting and significant legal cases in the history of the UK, which have had a considerable impact on various areas of law: 1. Airedale NHS Trust v Bland (1993): Addressed the legality of withdrawing life-sustaining treatment from a patient in a persistent vegetative state. 2. Ridge v Baldwin (1964): A significant case in administrative law, involving the improper dismissal of a Chief Constable. 3. Pepper v Hart (1993): Established that when interpreting statutes, reference can be made to the Parliament's debates for clarity. 4. Woolmington v DPP (1935): A fundamental case in criminal law, establishing the principle that the prosecution must prove the defendant's guilt (presumption of innocence). 5. Caparo Industries plc v Dickman (1990): Important for establishing the test for a duty of care in negligence law. 6. Shamoon v Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (2003): Key case in employment law, particularly on the issue of sex discrimination.

"Woolmington v DPP (1935)" by GPT4.0

  "Woolmington v DPP (1935)" is a landmark case in English criminal law, particularly concerning the principle of the burden of proof in criminal trials. Here's a detailed summary: Background - Date: 1935 - Parties: Woolmington (Appellant) vs. Director of Public Prosecutions (Respondent) - Context: The case revolved around a murder charge against Reginald Woolmington. Facts - Incident: Woolmington was charged with the murder of his wife. Initially, it was presumed that he needed to prove he had not murdered her. - Initial Trial: Woolmington was found guilty at the initial trial, where the burden was effectively placed on him to prove his innocence. Legal Proceedings - Appeal: The case was appealed up to the House of Lords, challenging the conviction on the grounds of misdirection regarding the burden of proof. Judgment - Decision: The House of Lords overturned Woolmington’s conviction. - Reasoning:   - The Lords established the principle famously known as the “Golden Thre

"Airedale NHS Trust v Bland (1993)" by GPT4.0

  "Airedale NHS Trust v Bland (1993)" is a landmark case in English law, particularly significant in the area of medical ethics and the law regarding end-of-life care. This case dealt with the legal and ethical issues surrounding the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment. Here's a detailed summary: Background - Date: 1993 - Parties: Airedale NHS Trust (Plaintiff) vs. Anthony Bland (Defendant) - Context: The case involved Anthony Bland, a victim of the Hillsborough disaster who was left in a persistent vegetative state (PVS). Facts - Incident: Anthony Bland had been in PVS for three years following the Hillsborough disaster, with no prospect of recovery. - Medical Condition: He was being kept alive artificially by feeding and hydration tubes. Legal Proceedings - Request: The Airedale NHS Trust sought a declaration that it would be lawful to discontinue life-sustaining treatment, including the withdrawal of artificial nutrition and hydration. - Legal Questions: The key le